5 Causes of Gender Inequality

1. Uneven access to education

Around the world, women still have less access to education than men. ¼ of young women between 15–24 have not finished primary school. That group makes up 58% of the people not completing that basic education. Of all the illiterate people in the world, ⅔ are women. When girls are not educated on the same level as boys, it has a huge effect on their future and the kinds of opportunities they’ll get.

2. Lack of employment equality

Only few countries in the world give women the same legal work rights as men. In fact, most economies give women only ¾ the rights of men. Studies show that if employment became a more even playing field, it has a positive domino effect on other areas prone to gender inequality.

3. Job segregation

One of the causes for gender inequality within employment is the division of jobs. In most societies, there’s an inherent belief that men are simply better equipped to handle certain jobs. Most of the time, those are the jobs that pay the best. This discrimination results in lower income for women.

4. Lack of political representation

Women are still grossly underrepresented in government and the political process. This means that certain issues that female politicians tend to bring up such as parental leave and childcare, pensions, gender equality laws and gender-based violence are often neglected.

5. Societal mindsets

The overall mindset of a society has a significant impact on gender inequality. How society determines the differences and value of men vs. women plays a starring role in every arena, whether it’s employment or the legal system or healthcare. Beliefs about gender run deep and even though progress can be made through laws and structural changes, there’s often a push back following times of major change. It’s also common for everyone (men and women) to ignore other areas of gender inequality when there’s progress, such as better representation for women in leadership

Efforts to bring about a change in this situation include:

• Education that helps create attitudinal shifts towards gender bias and activities to spread awareness



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